Editors note: this material is excerpted from a Deep Green Resistance database called “Resistance Profiles,” which explores various movements, their strategies and tactics, and their effectiveness. Image credit: public domain.
Movement for the Emancipation for the Niger Delta (MEND)
- Active: 2005 – 2013
- Location: Nigeria
- Type: Underground Resistance Movement
- Success: Medium
- sabotage of oil infrastructure
- bombing near military, government or oil industry infrastructure or buildings
- guerrilla warfare
- kidnapping of foreign oil workers for ransom (MEND has a very good record of returning them unharmed)
MEND uses speed boats in swarm-based maneuvers to quickly attack targets in succession. Multiple highly maneuverable, well trained and armed units have kept the government and Shell’s defensive systems off-balance defending their sprawling networks (1,000 oil wells, 6,000 km of pipeline over 70,000 square miles).
Very effective use of system disruption: targets have been systematically and accurately selected to completely shut down production and delay and/or halt repairs.
- Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (Wikipedia)
- Blood Oil
- MEND: The Niger Delta’s Umbrella Militant Group
- Niger Delta: Behind The Mask
- MEND: Anatomy Of A Peoples’ Militia
- Politics, Gangs, and Big Oil Spell Disaster in the Niger Delta
- Sweet Crude (2007)
- Delta Boys (2012)